They have smooth margins and alternate. The bark of Fagus sylvatica is dark grey or silver in color and generally smooth in texture. Fagus sylvatica 'Striata' _ European Beech _ $54.99. Weeping European Beech. Location of Fagus sylvatica (European beech) at the Arboretum. [3] This tree appears actually to be three individual trees but in fact beeches reproduce vegetatively (they create clones by rooting many branches from one tree) so these three “trees” are identical and come from the mother tree, farthest up the hill. The emergence of leaf buds, leaf coloration, leaf fall and a new set of leaves and flowers is determined by a combination of more daylight hours and increasing temperature. http://www.missouribotanicalgarden.org/PlantFinder/PlantFinderDetails.as…, http://northernwoodlands.org/articles/article/why-do-some-leaves-persist…, http://hort.ifas.ufl.edu/database/documents/pdf/tree_fact_sheets/fagsyla…, http://www.monrovia.com/plant-catalog/plants/2453/weeping-european-beech/, http://www.gardenguides.com/129808-meaning-beech-tree.html, http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Fagus_sylvatica, http://writing.upenn.edu/pennsound/x/Schuyler.php, Fiddle tune called "Old Beech Leaves" played by the amazing gourd banjo player, Adam Hurt, http://cdnsecakmi.kaltura.com/p/334831/sp/33483100/thumbnail/entry_id/1_…. [3], The beechnuts sit in a thin spiny husk and are less than 5 cm in diameter. Weeping European beech (Fagus sylvatica ‘Pendula’): A weeping form with variable shape reaching 40 feet high and 30 feet wide. It is also possible that marcescence is a transitional form in evolutionary history between evergreen and fully deciduous. The town of Brookline, Massachusettshas one of the largest, if not the largest, grove of European beech trees in the United States. [citation needed], Young trees need to be staked to make them grow upward; growth tends to be slow. Fagus sylvatica 'Franken' _ European Beech _ $124.99. One of the most characteristic features of beech trees are the leaves--you notice them especially in the winter when the rest of the trees in northeastern forests have lost their leaves. Buds usually break from late-April to early-May, and, in a particular study done on beech trees in Switzerland, leaf-unfolding in the spring takes about one to nineteen days and six to thirty-six days for leaf-coloring in autumn. Search trees. When you combine that form with dark maroon leaves it is obvious how the 'Purple Fountain' name applies. There is also a weeping purple form. Karlsruhe, Germany: Weeping beech in the botanical garden in Karlsruhe at sunset The weeping beech Fagus sylvatica Pendula or Trauerbuche, Villa Boveri, Baden. [citation needed], Pests that can attack the tree includes aphids, borers (flat-headed apple tree borer, two-lined chestnut borer), certain caterpillars, and fungal disease. The European Beech occurs in MA, MD, ME, NY, OH, RI, UT and ON in Canada. In general, leaf buds are produced in late summer, leaf coloration in late autumn, leaf fall in winter with partial marcescence (see "leaves" section above). Privacy policy. The young leaves can be eaten raw in salads! Marcescence is most often seen in young trees and on low branches; some possible advantages for retaining leaves through winter include discouraging deer and other herbavores from eating the leaf buds during the winter, trapping snow at base of tree and providing a new layer of compost in the spring if growing on poor soil. Weeping foliage is uniquely graceful and may be clipped to enhance this quality. 'Purple Fountain' Beech is a purple leafed weeping Beech. pendula comes typically in two forms: 1) a broad crown with spreading main branches and drooping side branches and 2) an upright central trunk with major branches extending horizontally and then drooping sharply downward to the ground. The prickly bur is a four-valved cupule related to the cupule ("hat") of the acorn in oaks which also belong to the Fagaceae family. [citation needed] The purple pigment in the leaves acts like a sunscreen to protect its new leaves, which is particularly important for plants that grow at high altitudes where the sun is fierce. Lore: Early books or records of Celitc Europe were known as beech or book. Other Names: Common Beech, European Beech. Available Sizes; The tree is not native to North America but grows in USDA hardiness zones 4–7. It needs moisture and well drained soil and prefers sunny to semi-shaded zones. The weeping beech, Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula', is a cultivar of the deciduous European beech. It’s hard to miss—gnarled roots emerging around the trunk and knobby branches bending low to the ground, like some kind of living dinosaur! The branching pattern of var. European beach was introduced into America during colonial times. They each have between 5 and 9 parallel veins coming out of each side of the central vein and have alternate overlapping arrangement. ID: C5DNAH (RM) Weeping Form of a Common Beech Tree (Fagus sylvatica 'Pendula') in Autumn, UK The weeping beech is a variety of European beech developed in England in 1836 and first introduced to the States in 1847. It is a dominant tree in much of European forests; in fact, the species name “sylvatica” comes from the Latin for “forest.” The weeping variety of the European beech was developed in 1836 by the English horticulturist and writer, John Claudius Loudon who worked as a city and garden planner in London and wrote and edited for numerous garden magazines.