Did you know that the Russian passive construction (был сделан, будет сделан, the verb быть in the past or in the future and the short form of the past participle) is normally used in written and formal speech?In the colloquial speech we normally use the verb in … There are two kinds of participle passives, namely, verbal passives and adjectival passives. In English, the present participle is essentially an active participle, while the past participle has both active and passive uses.. If yes, you are in the right place! Unlike the other participles they are rarely used, even in written style. Are you ready to revise the participles? You will learn how to use active and passive verbs. With very rare exceptions, passive participles are formed only from transitive verbs. For the same aspectual analysis applied to English see Beedham (1987a, 1979; also 1982, 1981); applied to German see Beedham (1987b, 1995: 66-86; also 1982, 1981). In the table "Active and passive Verbs" you will learn about active and passive verbal constructions in Russian. Present passive participles are formed from the first person plural, present tense, by adding to it the adjectival endings -ый (-ая, -ое, - ые): These participles, like all participles, can be paraphrased with который-clauses. There are four participles in Russian: two passive and two active, formed on the non-past (or present) stem and on the past stem of the verb. Good luck! Present Passive Participles . Participles may also be identified with a particular voice: active or passive.Some languages (such as Latin and Russian) have distinct participles for active and passive uses. Regular Formation. From Wikipedia. прочќтанный) as follows: (1) It is formed on the present (i.e. You will also learn how to use “ne + Infinitive” constructions with active and passive verbs. An example of each is given below, along with a paraphrase using котћрый. Participle passive in Russian is the passive construction that includes a passive participle and the verb ‘to be’. The following examples illustrate this: The Russian participial passive as an aspect of the type Auxiliary + Participle This summary of my aspectual analysis of the participial passive in Russian is based mainly on Beedham (1988, 1982, 1981). 1. Passive Participles. Formation of Passive Participles. The formation of the present passive participle (e.g. читђемый) differs from the formation of the past passive participle (e.g. Dear Russian learners!