After the Mesolithic was the Neolithic era, or New Stone Age. That's sort of what happened thousands of years ago. The people who lived here had to change their lifestyles and realized they could stay here year-round. Citations: Then the idea of huts, the wheel, stone axes, ect. First, there was the Paleolithic age of early stone tools and hunter-gatherers who had to continually move to find food. These early humans were nomadic hunter-gatherers, relying completely on the natural availability of resources and continually moving around. To fully understand the Mesolithic, we need to first understand the eras surrounding it. succeed. As a member, you'll also get unlimited access to over 83,000 To learn more, visit our Earning Credit Page. This article was most recently revised and updated by,, Internet Encyclopedia of Ukraine - Mesolithic Period, British Archaeology at the Ashmolean Museum - Mesolithic Period. Corrections? The first examples of Mesolithic culture came from the Levant, an area roughly corresponding to the Middle East along the Mediterranean Sea. Since the transition period is marked by a change in behavior rather than a single event, the Mesolithic began at different times around the world. For deeper insight into this era of human history, review the accompanying lesson titled The Mesolithic Age: Tools, Inventions & Archaeology. All other trademarks and copyrights are the property of their respective owners. The Mesolithic Age also saw the invention of the bow and arrow, pottery for food storage and the domestication of a few animals—either for food or, in the case of dogs, for help in the hunting of food. {{courseNav.course.mDynamicIntFields.lessonCount}} lessons just create an account. You can test out of the Microliths are one of the most definitive characteristics of Mesolithic culture. Computers were already invented, but we hadn't yet truly entered the digital age. Our editors will review what you’ve submitted and determine whether to revise the article. During the Mesolithic, early humans began the process of developing agriculture and moving away from a reliance on hunting, but it took time. The people of the Mesolithic may not have realized it, but they were living in an important era of transition that would change the world forever, just like the 1990s. The transition period was called the Mesolithic. and career path that can help you find the school that's right for you. Log in or sign up to add this lesson to a Custom Course. Not sure what college you want to attend yet? Mesolithic material culture is characterized by greater innovation and diversity than is found in the Paleolithic. One of the key changes in technology as cultures adapted to warmer climates was a new type of stone tool, called a microlith. Immigrant Neolithic farmers probably absorbed many indigenous Mesolithic hunters and fishers, and some Neolithic communities seem to have been composed entirely of Mesolithic peoples who adopted Neolithic equipment (these are sometimes called Secondary Neolithic). Select a subject to preview related courses: A microlith is defined as a stone tool that is around one cm in length. The purpose of the microlith is generally assumed to be for hunting. The warmer temperatures at the end of the Ice Age led to more abundant resources and reliable weather patterns, encouraging people of this area to start controlling what plants grew where. Already registered? In other words, they started farming. Then, test your understanding with a brief quiz. 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