These are some examples that are proof of the early usage of a few Kannada origin words in early Tamil inscriptions before the common era and in the early centuries of the common era. [19][20][21], Based on the recommendations of the Committee of Linguistic Experts, appointed by the ministry of culture, the government of India designated Kannada a classical language of India. 36) and Krishnamurthy (fig. Among them are Kundagannada (spoken exclusively in Kundapura, Brahmavara, Bynduru and Hebri), Nadavar-Kannada (spoken by Nadavaru), Havigannada (spoken mainly by Havyaka Brahmins), Are Bhashe (spoken by Gowda community mainly in Madikeri and Sullia region of Dakshina Kannada), Malenadu Kannada (Sakaleshpur, Coorg, Shimoga, Chikmagalur), Sholaga, Gulbarga Kannada, Dharawad Kannada etc. R Zydenbos in Cushman S, Cavanagh C, Ramazani J, Rouzer P, Pai and Narasimhachar in Bhat (1993), p103, Suryanatha Kamath – Karnataka State Gazetteer – South Kanara (1973), Printed by the Director of Print, Stationery and Publications at the Govt. [110][111][112], The Kannada works produced from the 19th century make a gradual transition and are classified as Hosagannada or Modern Kannada. What made you want to look up Kannada? The language is also spoken by linguistic minorities in the states of Maharashtra, Andhra Pradesh, Tamil Nadu, Telangana, Kerala and Goa; and also by Kannadigas abroad. Press. The corrupt lines indicate that the text found at Oxyrhynchus (Egypt) has been copied, meaning that the original was even earlier in date. Kannada is a Southern Dravidian language, and according to scholar Sanford B. Steever, its history can be conventionally divided into three stages: Old Kannada (Halegannada) from 450–1200 CE, Middle Kannada (Nadugannada) from 1200–1700, and Modern Kannada from 1700 to the present. Other dictionaries are 'Abhidhana Vastukosha' (ಅಭಿದಾನ ವಾಸ್ತುಕೋಶ) by Nagavarma (1045 ACE), 'Amarakoshada Teeku'(ಅಮರಕೋಶದ ತೀಕು) by Vittala (1300), 'Abhinavaabhidaana'(ಅಭಿನವಾಭಿದಾನ) by Abhinava Mangaraja (1398 ACE) and many more. Kāvya in South India: old Tamil Caṅkam poetry. Kannada is influenced to an considerable degree by Sanskrit. IAS BOOKS. [128], Nasik district of Maharashtra has a distinct tribe called 'Hatkar Kaanadi' people who speak a Kannada (Kaanadi) dialect with lot of old Kannada words. [66] Pyu sites of Myanmar yielded variety of Indian scripts including those written in a script especially archaic, most resembling the Kadamba (Kannada-speaking Kadambas of 4th century CE Karnataka and Andhra Pradesh[67]) form of common Kannada-Telugu script from Andhra Pradesh. Delivered to your inbox! Test Your Knowledge - and learn some interesting things along the way. These inscriptions belong to the period between the first century BCE and fourth century CE. Wilamowitz (1907) and Andreassi (2001) say that for more precise dating of the original, some place the composition of the work as early as in the Hellenistic period (332–30 BCE), others at a later date, up to the early 2nd century CE. The use of the vowel a as an adjective is not prevalent in Tamil but its usage is available in Kannada. Part of speech: noun. Mysore literature in Kannada is a body of literature composed in the Kannada language in the historical Kingdom of Mysore in Southern India and written in the Kannada script.The writings date from the Kingdom of Mysore, which existed from around 1600 CE until the establishment of modern India in 1947. [28] Literary Prakrit seems to have prevailed in Karnataka since ancient times. The works of this period are based on Jain and Hindu principles. He mentions inland centres of pirates called Oloikhora (Alavakheda). Settar adds the words nADu and iLayar to this list. Definition List. Compound bases, called samāsa in Kannada, are a set of two or more words compounded together.